"COUNTY FAIR - OPERATION OF CLEARING THE VIETCONG FROM VILLAGES WHILE THE PEOPLE ARE CARED FOR, FED, AND ENTERTAINED." All clearing or search and destroy operations labeled as "County Fair" appear to hav taken place in Quang Nam province of Viet Nam.

US Marine Corps film MH-10278-H

Quảng Nam is a province on the South Central Coast of Vietnam. It is bordered by Thua Thien-Huế province to the north, the nation of Laos to the west, Kon Tum Province to the southwest, Quảng Ngãi Province to the southeast, the South China Sea to the east, and the city of Da Nang to the northeast.

Geography

Quang Nam by flat land along the coast and increasingly high elevations towards the west, with the highest elevations along the border to Laos and Kontum Province. The highest peak is Ngọc Linh mountain at 2598m. In contrast to the other provinces of the South Central Coast there are no hills or mountains near the coast (with the exception of the Chàm Islands with a peak at 517m).

More than half of Quảng Nam's area is covered by forests, making it one of the more forested provinces in Vietnam. Forests dominate in the west of the province and along the border to Quảng Ngãi Province. 111,900ha of land are used for agriculture, mostly in the east of the province.

The Thu Bồn River system covers most of the province (except for the south-east), making it one of the largest river systems in central Vietnam. It led to the rise of an ancient Cham city state that was once Champa's most influential city and also included one of its most important commercial ports at Hội An.

History

Quảng Nam was once the political and near the geographic centre of Champa. For some time both the most powerful city-state and the busiest Cham port (at Hội An) were located in what is now Quảng Nam. Trade with luxury goods from the Central Highlands was the basis of this wealth and power. As a result of warfare with Vietnam, the centre of political power of the Cham shifted south to Vijaya. The trade in luxuries continued for some time under the Nguyễn Lords but declined gradually, especially under the Nguyễn Dynasty and further in colonial Vietnam, when the economic focus shifted to the agriculture of the large river deltas.

The province was split into two in 1962, with the southern half known as Quang Tin Province. The two provinces were merged again after unification in 1976.

Quảng Nam was the site of heavy fighting during the Vietnam War. Notable battles and operations include Operation Chinook 1966-67, Battle of Hill 488, Operation Swift, Operation Wheeler/Wallowa, Operation Union I & II, Huế-Đà Nẵng Campaign, Ha My massacre and Phong Nhi and Phong Nhat massacre.

Economy

Quảng Nam has two famous traditional products: the world's highest essential oil content Trà My cinnamon (aka Saigon cinnamon) and Ngọc Linh ginseng. Quảng Nam is famous for its production of Saigon cinnamon.

The economy of Quảng Nam has been growing rapidly in recent years. GDP growth in 2010 was 12.7% and the goal for 2011 is 13.5%. Growth has been between 12 and 15% in the years from 2005 to 2007, mostly driven by a booming industrial sector (growing more than 20% per year) and to a lesser extent the service sector. GDP per capita in 2007 was 8.76 million Vietnamese dong, 65.2% of the national average...

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